8 KEY DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIA
1Historic tax reform
The Goods and Services Tax (GST) came into effect across India from 01 July 2017. GST has turned all 36 states and union territories of India into one common market. By curbing and cascading taxes, GST has also reduced the cost of local production. The GST rate on more than 200 products has been reduced from 28% to 18%. GST is expected to increase overall efficiency and productivity, thereby attracting more foreign direct investment (FDI).1 Taxpaying is much easier in India because of factors like the introduction of GST and digitisation of processes. A fact that is captured in the World Bank Doing Business Report 2018 declares that India’s ranking on the ‘Paying Taxes’ indicator has improved by 53 places.2 The Government has also formed a Goods & Services Tax Council, for making recommendations to the Union and State Government on issues related to Goods and Service Tax. The regular meetings and proactive remedial actions of the council have ensured effective implementation and better control.3
Sources 1, 2, 3
Systems from taxation to incorporating a company are being moved online, through e-governance. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has taken the following major initiatives to deliver faster and clear processes towards Ease of Doing Business and standardization: Introduction of web-based service Reserve Unique Name (RUN) for making the name reservation process quick and easy. Re-engineering the process of allotment of Director Identification Number (DIN) by allotting it through the combined SPICe form Exemption of MCA fee for company incorporation E-KYC drive for directors of all companies India has improved its ranking on the World Bank's Doing Business 2019 report released on 31 October 2018, by moving up to number 77.
3New insolvency code
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 (enacted on 28 May 2016) consolidates all rules and laws relating to insolvency into a single legislation. This has helped India’s bankruptcy code to be at par with global standards. The code is designed to promote entrepreneurship—it enables companies to tide over financial difficulties and opt for restructuring while fulfilling orders at the same time. It also promotes greater confidence among investors and increases credit availability, by strengthening procedures.
By October 2017, more than 2,050 insolvency applications had been filed before the National Company Law Tribunal and 112 applications had been admitted. The code has helped India improve the Ease of Doing Business. India moved up 33 ranks in the Resolving Insolvency indicator of the World Bank’s Doing Business Report in 2017.
A social revolution is coming up in India under the moniker JAM: Jan Dhan Yojana for financial inclusion, Aadhaar biometric identification and mobile telecommunications. As of February 2019, the number of Aadhaar cards assigned to the total population is 1.52 bn.1 The Prime Minister’s Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is a financial inclusion programme that makes services like banking, remittance and insurance available to every Indian at an affordable cost. Beneficiaries can open a zero-balance account. As of 08 May 2019, 356 mn new bank accounts were opened under the PMJDY. More than 211 mn of these accounts are in rural India, and around 190 mn are operated by women.2
Sources 1, 2
5Radical changes in FDI policy regime
As of January 2018, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to a number of amendments in the FDI Policy. FDI policy has been further liberalized in key sectors: 100% FDI under automatic route for Single Brand Retail Trading 100% FDI under automatic route in Construction Development Foreign airlines allowed to invest up to 49% under approval route in Air India FIIs/FPIs allowed to invest in Power Exchanges through primary market Definition of ‘medical devices’ amended in the FDI Policy The amendments will liberalise and simplify the FDI policy to provide ease of doing business, larger FDI inflows contributing to growth of investment, income and employment.1
The programmes to build infrastructure and connect India are picking up pace. The 2019 budget is seeing an allocation of $9.27 Bn and the highest ever capital expenditure of $22.77 Bn for Indian Railways.1 The plan to build 83,677 km of roads is underway and will complete by 2021-22. The Bharatmala Pariyojana programme accounts for 34,800 km of roads at a cost of $7.713 Bn.2 This will create 142 mn man-days of jobs in the process. The remaining 48,877 km will be developed by the National Highway Authority of India and the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. The Sagarmala Programme, on the other hand, focuses on connectivity by sea. It forecasts a role for multiple central ministries and agencies, as well as state governments. As on 30 September 2018, a total of 522 projects at a cost of $6.18 Bn were under various stages of implementation, development and completion.3 The projects are across port modernization, new port development, port connectivity enhancement, port-linked industrialization and coastal community development.
Sources 1, 2, 3
As of 2018, more than 118,000 Gram Panchayats or Village Councils have access to high-speed broadband because of Government of India's BharatNet project. BharatNet is probably the world's largest rural broadband project. As of 2018, 0.32 mn km of optical fibre cable is laid across 127,210 Gram Panchayats as part of the project.1 BharatNet is expected to make digital delivery of services for health, education, livelihood, skills training, e-agriculture and e-commerce available to the rural poor, in addition to generating huge employment opportunities. An impressive fact under BharatNet is that the total Data used per month in March 2019 is 0.14 mn GB.2 Apart from BharatNet, India has more than 1 bn mobile phone subscriptions and 462 mn Internet users.
Sources 1, 2
Globally, India is number fifth for overall installed renewable energy capacity, fourth for wind power and fifth for solar power.1 As of 2018, solar energy projects capable of producing 22 GW have been installed in the country. More than 100 bn units of electricity have been generated in 2017 using renewable energy.2 The Government of India has set a target to install 175 GW renewable power capacity by the end of 2022. This includes 60 GW from wind power, 100 GW from solar power, 10 GW from biomass power and 5 GW from small hydropower.
Sources 1, 2
8 KEY DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIA
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1. Indian States General Knowledge Questions
Indian States General Knowledge Questions
1. In which state has India's largest private sector sea port been commissioned recently —Andhra Pradesh
2. Which Indian State has the minimum total forest cover —Haryana
3. If you wish to visit Golconda Fort, you will have to go to which state —Karnataka
4. Which state produces maximum Soya bean —Madhya Pr
2. IGNOU B.Ed. Entrance Exam General Awareness Solved Questions
IGNOU B.Ed. Entrance Exam General Awareness Solved Questions
1. The Speaker of Lok Sabha in India is elected by the–
(A) Members of Lok Sabha (B) Members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
(C) Council of Ministers (D) Speakers of State Legislative Assemblies (Ans : A)
2. The responsibility for framing the Constitution of independent India was entrusted to the–
(A) Lok Sabha (B) Rajya Sabha (C)
3. POWER PLANTS IN INDIA
POWER PLANTS IN INDIA
Nuclear power in India
Nuclear power is the fourth-largest source of electricity in India after thermal, hydroelectric and renewable sources of electricity. As of 2012, India has 20 nuclear reactors in operation in six nuclear power plants, generating 4,780 MW while seven other reactors are under construction and are expected to generate an additional 5,300 MW. In October 2010, India drew up "an
4. RRB EXAM GENERAL KNOWLEDGE SOLVED PAPER
RRB EXAM GENERAL KNOWLEDGE SOLVED PAPER
1. When was the first underground railway (Metro Railway) started?
(A) 1982 (B) 1989 (C) 1984 (D) 1992 (Ans : C)
2. Shatabdi Express train was started in–
(A) 1984 (B) 1988 (C) 1990 (D) 1985 (Ans : B)
3. At which of the following places Diesel Component Works is established?
(A) Jamshedpur (B) Patiala (C) Perambur (D) Varanasi (A
5. List of First in India
List of First in India
● First Governor-General of Independent India—Lord Lewis Mountbatten
● Indian Governor-General of Independent India—Chakravarti Rajgopalachari
● Chief of the Indian Armed Forces—General K. M. Carriappa
● Field Marshall—General S. H. F. J. Manekshaw
● President—Dr. Rajendra Prasa
6. List of Chief Election Commissioners of India Since 1950 to 2019
List of Chief Election Commissioners of India Since 1950 to 2020
1. Sukumar Sen : 21 March, 1950 to 19 December, 1958
2. K. V. K. Sundaram : 20 December, 1958 to 30 September, 1967
3. S. P. Sen Verma : 1 October, 1967 to 30 September, 1972
4. Nagendra Singh : 1 October, 1972 to 6 February, 1973
5. T. Swaminathan :
7. Indian Railway operates 366 Shramik Special trains till 10th May, 2020 (1500 hrs) across the country
Indian Railway operates 366 Shramik Special trains till 10th May, 2020 (1500 hrs) across the country
Passengers are being given free meals and water Trains being run by Railways only after concurrence is given both by the State which is sending the passengers and the State which is receiving them Social distancing being observed Around 1200 passengers travel in each of these “Shramik Special” trains
Subsequent to the Ministry of Home Aff
8. FIRST IN INDIA
FIRST IN INDIA
● British Governor-General : Warren Hastings
● British Governor-General of Independent India : Lord Mountbatten
● Justice of India : Hiralal J. Kania
● Comander-in-Chief of Free India : General K. M. Cariappa
● Chief of Air Staff : Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst
● Indian Air Chief : Air Marshal S. Mukherjee
● Chief of Army Staff : General M. Rajendra Singh
● Chief of Naval Staff : Vice-Admiral R.
9. HARYANA CIRCLE PA /SA EXAM GENERAL KNOWLEDGE SOLVED PAPER (EXAM HELD ON 27/04/2014)
HARYANA CIRCLE PA /SA EXAM GENERAL KNOWLEDGE SOLVED PAPER (EXAM HELD ON 27/04/2014)
1. How many teams are participating in IPL 2014?
2. Who is the deputy speaker of Lok Sabha at present?
Ans.: Kariya Munda
3. Who is presently the chairman of the finance commission?
Ans.: Dr Vijay L Khelkar
Yv Reddy is the chairman of 14 Finance commission. But now 13th commission is on running .
11. DELHI CIRCLE PA/SA EXAM GENERAL AWARENESS SOLVED PAPER (EXAM HELD ON 27/04/2014)
DELHI CIRCLE PA/SA EXAM GENERAL AWARENESS SOLVED PAPER (EXAM HELD ON 27/04/2014)
1) Which one of the following minerals is contained in the Monazite sand of Kerala?
2) The largest sugarcane producing country in the world is:
3) This refers the amount that the commercial banks require to maintain in the form of gold or government approved securities before providing credit to customers:
12. Chhattisgarh Objective General Knowledge Questions
Chhattisgarh Objective General Knowledge Questions
1. Who of the following was the first elected member of Chhattisgarh elected from the constituency of municipal councils of Nagpur and Chhattisgarh in the Legislative Assembly of the Central Provinces in 1913 ?
(A) Shivdas Daga (B) Mahant Laxminarayandas (C) NathmalMunim (D) Shivprasad (Ans : C)
2. What is Kusiyaar in Chhattisgarhi ?
(A) Paddy (B) Banana (C) Cocon
13. Indian Independence Movement
Indian Independence Movement
The Indian independence movement encompasses the efforts to free India from British rule from the Nineteenth Century until the granting of Independence in 1947. The Independence Movement involved a range of different strategies from revolutionary acts of violence, to peaceful non-violent protests.
Leaders of the Independence movement
14. High Courts of India
High Courts of India
The ‘Indiancourts’ is a bouquet of Web Sites of the Supreme Court and all 21 High Courts and their Benches in India. It provides a single point access to information related to the Supreme Court and any High Court in India. The Web Sites of the Supreme court and High Courts provide Litigant centric dynamic information like Judgments, Causelists, Case-status, etc. as
15. RAJASTHAN CIRCLE PA/SA EXAM GENERAL AWARENESS SOLVED PAPER (EXAM HELD ON 27/04/2014)
RAJASTHAN CIRCLE PA/SA EXAM GENERAL AWARENESS SOLVED PAPER (EXAM HELD ON 27/04/2014)
1. As per the constitutional provision, who has the absolute and ultimate powers regarding the passing of money bills?
Ans:-the house of the people
2:- As per the constitutional of India, the reports of the comptroller and auditor general of India relating to the accounts of the state shall be submitted to?
Ans:- the Governor of state
16. National Highways in India
National Highways in India
The complete list of National Highways in India
NH 1 (km. 456) – Delhi to Amritsar and Indo-Pak Border
NH 1A (km. 663) – Jalandhar to Uri
NH 1B (km. 274) – Batote to Khanbal
NH 1C (km. 8) – Domel to Katra
NH 1D (km. 422) – Srinagar to Kargil to Leh
NH 2 (km. 1,465) – Delhi to Dankuni
NH 2A (km. 25) &
18. What are grade pay, basic pay, pay scale, allowances, DA, HRA, perks in salary system in India?
What are grade pay, basic pay, pay scale, allowances, DA, HRA, perks in salary system in India?
Grade Pay : Government employees receive grade pay which depends on the category/class of employee. Actually grade pay depends on the seniority and the position of the employee in the government.
Basic Pay :- This is the core of salary, and many other components may be calculated based on this amount. It usually depends on one’s
19. List of Ministers of India 2021
List of Ministers of India 2021
The Council of Ministers consists of four categories of ministers:
1. Cabinet Minister
2. Minister of State (independent charge)
3. Minister of state and
4. Deputy Minister
List of Cabinet Ministers of India 2021
20. FIRST IN INDIA
1. Who was the first President of India – Dr. Rajendra Prasad
2. Who was the first Prime Minister of India – Jawaharlal Nehru
3. Who was the first Indian Governor-General of India – C. Rajagopalachari
4. Who was the first Mughal emperor – Babur
5. Who was the first President of USA – John Hanson
6. Who was the first woman President
22. INDIAN POLITY PRACTICE QUESTIONS FOR ALL COMPETITIVE EXAMS
INDIAN POLITY PRACTICE QUESTIONS FOR ALL COMPETITIVE EXAMS
1. Consider the following tasks:
1. Superintendence, direction and conduct of free and fair elections
2. Preparation of electoral rolls for all elections to the Parliament, State Legislatures and the Office of the President and the Vice-President.
3. Giving recognition to political parties and allotting election symbols to political parties and individuals contesting the election
23. List of Central Universities in India
List of Central Universities in India
● English & Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad : www..efluniversity.ac.in
● Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad : www..manuu.ac.in
● University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad : www..uohyd.ac.in
● Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar : www..rgu.ac.in
24. List of World Heritage Sites in India
List of World Heritage Sites in India
● Agra Fort (1983)
● Ajanta Caves (1983)
● Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)
● Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004)
● Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004)
● Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)
● Elephanta Caves (1987)
● Ellora Caves (1983)
● Fatehpur Sikri (1986)
● Great Living Chola T
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