People across the world will celebrate World Blood Donor Day, commonly known as 'WBDD', on June 14 every year to raise awareness about safe blood donations and to thank those who donate blood voluntary and save the lives of others. It was first celebrated on the birthday anniversary of Karl Landsteiner -- a scientist who won the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the ABO blood group system -- on June 14, 1868.
World Blood Donor Day or the WBDD is one of the eight days -- along with World No Tobacco Day, World Health Day, World Immunization Week, World Malaria Day, World Tuberculosis Day, World Hepatitis Day and World AIDS Day -- that is marked by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a "global public health campaign".
"The event serves to thank voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gift of blood and also to raise awareness of the need for regular blood donations to ensure that all individuals and communities have access to affordable and timely supplies of safe and quality-assured blood and blood products, as an integral part of universal health coverage and a key component of effective health systems," the WHO states.
This Year’s theme:
The theme for this year’s World Blood Donor Day is “Safe blood saves lives” with the slogan “Give blood and make the world a healthier place”. Every year, a host country is chosen to celebrate the National Blood Donation Day. Due to the Coronavirus outbreak, the WHO will conduct a global virtual campaign this year. The idea is to focus on the contribution an individual giver can make to improve health for others in the community.
Know the reason why Blood Donor Day is celebrated:
The history behind the date of celebration of WDD is the Nobel prize winner Scientist Karl Landsteiner. He has got the credit for finding the ABO blood group system. World Blood Donor Day is celebrated on the birthday of Karl Landsteiner which was on 14th June, who discovered various blood groups. Before Carl detected blood groups, blood transfusions used to happen without knowing the various blood groups. This discovery made Karl Landsteiner win the Nobel Prize in the year 1930.
In recognition of blood transfusion saving millions of lives every year, in May 2005, ministers of health from across the world made a unanimous declaration of commitment and support towards voluntary blood donation during the Fifty-Eighth World Health Assembly and designated World Blood Donor Day as an annual event to be held on June 14.
Benefits of donating blood:
Helps in controlling weight
It keeps your liver healthy
Keeps cancer away
Helps in smooth blood circulation
Helps in burning calories
Know the criteria to donate blood:
The donor must be fit and healthy, and should not be suffering from transmittable diseases.
Age and weight- The donor must be 18–65 years old and should weigh a minimum of 50 kg.
Pulse rate- Between 50 and 100 without irregularities.
Hemoglobin level- A minimum of 12.5 g/dL.
Blood pressure- Diastolic: 50–100 mm Hg, Systolic: 100–180 mm Hg.
Body temperature- Should be normal, with an oral temperature not exceeding 37.5 °C.
The time period between successive blood donations should be more than 3 months.