REPRESENTATION IN PANCHAYATS #EDUCRATSWEB

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  • ‘Panchayat’, being “Local government”, is a State subject and part of State list of Seventh Schedule of Constitution of India. Clause (3) of Article 243D of the Constitution ensures participation of women in Panchayati Raj Institutions by mandating not less than one- third reservation for women out of total number of seats to be filled by direct election and number of offices of chairpersons of Panchayats. As per the information available with the Ministry, 20 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand and West Bengal have made provisions of 50% reservation for women in Panchayati Raj Institutions in their respective State Panchayati Raj Acts. A statement showing the number of elected women representatives in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in the country, State/Union Territory-wise is given at Annexure.

     

    Further, in terms of clause (4) of Article 243D of the Constitution, the offices of the Chairpersons in the Panchayats at the village or any other level shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and women in such manner as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide, provided that the number of offices of Chairpersons reserved for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the Panchayats at each level in any State shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of such offices in the Panchayats at each level as the population of the Scheduled Castes in the State or of the Scheduled Tribes in the State bears to the total population of the State, provided further that not less than one-third of the total number of offices of Chairpersons in the Panchayats at each level shall be reserved for women.

    However, specific details of representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions, such as ‘the total number of women who hold the position of Sarpanch in the country’, ‘the total number of Sarpanch posts which are occupied by a member from Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe’, ‘the total number of Scheduled Caste members on non-reserved seats in Gram Panchayats’, ‘the number of Gram Panchayats where more than one-third Panchayat council leaders are women’ etc., are not maintained by the Central Government.

     

    This information was given in a written reply by the Union Minister of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in Rajya Sabha today.

     

    ****

    APS/SG/RC

     

    ANNEXURE

     

    Number of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in the country, State/Union Territory-wise

     

    State / UTs

    Total PRI Representatives

    Total EWRs

    Andaman & Nicobar Islands

    858

    306

    Andhra Pradesh

    156050

    78,025

    Arunachal Pradesh

    9383

    3,658

    Assam

    26754

    14,609

    Bihar

    136573

    71,046

    Chhattisgarh

    170465

    93,392

    Dadra & Nagar Haveli

    147

    47

    Daman & Diu

    192

    92

    Goa

    1555

    571

    Gujarat

    144080

    71,988

    Haryana

    70035

    29,499

    Himachal Pradesh

    28723

    14,398

    Jammu & Kashmir

    39850

    13,224

    Jharkhand

    59638

    30,757

    Karnataka

    101954

    51,030

    Kerala

    18372

    9,630

    Ladakh

    NA

    NA

    Lakshadweep

    110

    41

    Madhya Pradesh

    392981

    196490

    Maharashtra

    240635

    128677

    Manipur

    1736

    880

    Odisha

    107487

    56,627

    Puducherry

    NA

    NA

    Punjab

    100312

    41,922

    Rajasthan

    126271

    64,802

    Sikkim

    1153

    580

    Tamil Nadu

    106450

    56,407

    Telangana

    103468

    52,096

    Tripura

    6646

    3,006

    Uttar Pradesh

    913417

    304538

    Uttarakhand

    62796

    35,177

    West Bengal

    59229

    30,458

    Total

    3187320

    1453973

    NA- Not Available

    Sources https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1658145

    Representation in Panchayats
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