We all know agriculture is vital for our country for many reasons such as large population, food security and contribution to GDP. Agriculture is one of the oldest industries globally and has been contributing for the last thousand decades. Last few decades, we have noticed how technology has transformed the agriculture sector by providing ease to farmers like Powerful tractors such as MAHINDRA 475 Tractor. The 21st century proved to be an excellent agriculture sector due to the advancement of technology but brought many challenges. It is encouraging to observe that growth in food production during the last three decades is higher in developing countries than the world average, both in aggregate and in per capita terms. And, despite a near doubling of their population during this period, average per capita food consumption in developing countries increased 30 percent. A large number of countries have shown that success is possible. More than 30 developing countries, with a total population exceeding 2.2 billion people, have reduced their undernourished population by 25 per cent.
1. Today, approx 40% of all inhabitable areas in the world is dominated by agriculture.Agricultural expansion is the main cause of tropical deforestation. Wild species depend on agriculture. Furthermore, the world's most important watersheds are largely under agricultural use. If they cannot produce ample clean water, it won't be available for people, industry, agriculture or nature. Sustaining ecosystems calls for more action at the plot and farm scale. We need to increase our frame to look at whole landscapes and how the soil, water, and vegetation resources used by the many different land stakeholders can be managed in a more coordinated way. Because of pressures on resources, efforts to organize such integrated landscape management initiatives are increasing worldwide.
2. Agriculture will play a central role in locally-led development. For more than 50 years, the principal directions for agricultural development have been set in national capitals and the boardrooms of the significant food industry and agribusiness companies. In this century, we will see a move towards designing agriculture as a foundation for locally-led development, context-specific and local stakeholder-led. This is critical because there is growing demand to shape agricultural development more democratically, to fit local priorities on land use, use of agricultural inputs, priority crops and ecosystem management. States and municipalities, along with community- and farmer's organizations, are making more extraordinary claims to shape their development processes. Farmers show defiance to external control in value chains, as they want to ensure their food security before exporting products to protect their resources.
3. Agriculture has a fundamental role to play as a partner in sustainable city regions. Strong local leadership is emerging in the rural areas – cities are becoming a critical incentive for change in agriculture. This is critical considering that 2/3 of the global population is projected to live in cities by 2050 – by prominent rural people, especially in Africa. City leaders realize they cannot entirely depend on commercial actors to feed their inhabitants.
1. Food security - The first and foremost challenge for agriculture is food security for a growing population. The world population could reach eight billion people by 2025. Nearly all of the two billion people in the next 25 years will be in developing countries.
2. Sustainable natural resource management - Another challenge for agriculture is to create a set of technologies, incentives and policies that encourage small–scale farmers to want to pay attention to the long-run stewardship of the natural resources they manage.
3. Reduction in poverty - Poverty is one of the biggest challenges for agriculture. Today, some 70 per cent of the poor are still rural dwellers, the majority of whom draw some or all of their income from agricultural activities. Billions of poor farmers live in poverty or near the poverty line, and they can not manage to buy modern technologies such as tractors as they are expensive. However, some affordable tractors are available in the market, such as MAHINDRA 275 Tractor.
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